Arctic Climate Predictions: Pathways to Resilient, Sustainable Societies (ARCPATH)

The Arctic is of fundamental importance in the climate system because of the important atmospheric and oceanic feedbacks that occur here. Added to this, global warming has caused intense changes in Arctic climate, with a rise in temperatures during recent years that is close to twice that of other regions. These rapid changes are a challenge to communities already at risk from many other aspects that have to do with society as whole, in particular with regard to economic and political factors, as well as climatic effects.

Loss of sea ice is particularly relevant, with a direct and immediate effect on Arctic communities, in the form of potential increased shipping (and attendant risks) as well as the complex issues involved in Arctic oil and gas exploration, together with effects on fisheries and marine mammals.

The project will address these issues by focusing on changes that will happen in the near future, with the overarching goal of fostering responsible and sustainable development. As well as considering specific aspects of climate and sea-ice changes, the project will focus on socio-economic changes in specific coastal communities in Iceland, Greenland and northern Norway. The project thus needs to take into account both natural and social science perspectives, with expertise drawn from the fields of: climatology; environmental studies; marine and fisheries biology; fisheries management; anthropology; governance systems; and human ecology.

The project will focus on knowledge gaps in: 1) improving Arctic climate prediction by reducing uncertainties originating from changes in sea ice and the ocean; 2) increasing understanding and reducing uncertainties regarding how changes in climate interact with many factors relating to local communities, including the development of local and international adaptation measures; and 3) supplying this knowledge as potential “pathways to action” through innovative adaptation plans for responsible development.

Vitenskapelige publiseringer

Data source: Crossref. The list should not be assumed to represent the complete published research output of the project.

Tracing the Imprint of River Runoff Variability on Arctic Water Mass Transformation

Journal Article published 2019-01-01 in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans volume 124 issue 1
Research funded by NordForsk | Norges Forskningsråd
Authors: Erwin Lambert, Aleksi Nummelin, Per Pemberton, Mehmet Ilıcak.

Optimising assimilation of sea ice concentration in an Earth system model with a multicategory sea ice model

Journal Article published 2018-01-01 in Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography volume 70 issue 1
Research funded by NordForsk | Norges Forskningsråd | Norges Forskningsråd | Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique - FNRS | NOAA Climate Variability and Predictability Program | UNINETT Sigma2 AS | UNINETT Sigma2 AS
Authors: M. Kimmritz, F. Counillon, C.M. Bitz, F. Massonnet, I. Bethke, Y. Gao.
Fakta om prosjektet

Project number: 76654


Yongqi Gao, Research Director, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (Norway)

Astrid Ogilvie, Senior Scientist, Stefansson Arctic Institute (Iceland)

01.01.2017 - 31.12.2020